The Psychoanalytic Therapy It is a type of treatment based on theories of Sigmund Freud, who is considered one of the precursors of psychology and founder of psychoanalysis. This therapy explores how the unconscious mind influences thoughts and behaviors, with the aim of offering a vision and resolution to the person seeking treatment.
The Psychoanalytic Therapy tends to observe early childhood experiences to see if these events have affected the life of the individual, or potentially contributed to current concerns. This form of therapy is considered a long-term option and may continue for weeks, months or even years, depending on the depth of the concern being explored.
Unlike several other types of therapy, Psychoanalytic Therapy of S. Freud It aims to make profound changes in personality and emotional development.
- 1 Assumptions of Psychoanalytic Therapy
- 2 How does Psychoanalytic Therapy work?
- 3 Applications of Psychoanalytic Therapy
Assumptions of Psychoanalytic Therapy
It may be useful to know what psychoanalytic assumptions work from when it is considered a type of therapy. While each therapist will work differently according to the needs of the individual seeking therapy, many of them work on the following assumptions:
- Psychological problems have their origin in the unconscious.
- They show symptoms caused by hidden or "latent" alterations.
- Typical causes of psychological distress include unresolved issues during development or repressed trauma.
- The treatment seems to bring repressed conflicts to the surface where people can deal with it.
How does psychoanalytic therapy work?
The Psychoanalytic Therapy is a vision of impulses and therefore aims to promote change by helping to understand his past and how the events of his early life could be affecting now. The sessions will vary depending on where you are in the course of your therapy, but most of the time you will spend talking freely with your therapist in a safe environment, without prejudice.
The psychoanalyst will listen to your concerns and look at the patterns or certain events that may be of importance. In this type of therapy it is believed that unconscious feelings and childhood events play a key role in mental anguish.
In addition to listening to you talk about your experiences, your therapist can use other techniques to help identify potential causes for your concerns. Such techniques may include:
- Free association: Free association implies talking about what comes to mind, without censoring or editing the flow of memories / ideas. Your therapist will encourage you to speak freely to help you return to a previous emotional state so that you can better understand the recurring patterns of conflict you may be experiencing.
- Therapeutic transfer: Transfer refers to the way in which you may be transferring thoughts or feelings connected to influential figures in your life (for example, your parents or siblings) to your therapist. While this may not happen in all cases, if you do so, your therapist should discuss the transfer with you to help you gain a better understanding of how to deal with people in your daily life.
- Interpretation: A key element of psychoanalytic therapy is to interpret and "read between the lines." While your therapist is likely to remain relatively calm and allow you to speak freely, you will occasionally get in the way of thoughts or interpretations of the issues discussed. Your psychoanalyst can also ask about your dreams; Freud wrote a lot about the topic of dream analysis and believed that dreams were important resources for understanding the unconscious.
Applications of Psychoanalytic Therapy
The Psychoanalytic Therapy It can be used by those who have a specific emotional concern, as well as those who simply want to explore themselves. Understanding why we are as we are often brings a sense of well-being and a greater sense of ourselves. Perhaps it is less useful for those looking for quick, solution-focused therapies. Psychoanalytic Therapy is a gradual process that takes time, however, the results can be a life change.
Some believe that due to the nature of therapy, psychoanalytic work is better suited to more general concerns, such as anxiety, relationship difficulties, sexual problems or low self-esteem. Social phobias, shyness and difficulty sleeping These are other examples of the areas that could be addressed within psychoanalytic therapy.
Critics have pointed out that therapy may not be as useful for those with more specific or obsession-based problems, such as obsessive compulsive behavior (OCD), as it may be too concerned about their actions to participate fully.
Books written by Sigmund Freud that you can read online for free on our website:
- The interpretation of dreams
- Totem and Taboo